A cross sectional comparative study assessing the quality of life in elderly living in old age homes and community and association of various factors with QOL
Aims and Objectives: Comparison of quality of life (QOL)in elderly living in old age homes and communityandassociation of various socio demographic factors, spouse factors, habits and hobbies.
Methodology: 49 subjects from old age homes and 48 subjects from community were administered Quality of life scale after taking informed consent. The factors associated with quality of life in both groups were analyzed statistically.
Results: High QOL is seen in elderly who are highly educated, who are retired, belonging to middle Socio Economic Strata (SES), and who don’t have any habits, whose spouses are young old and retired. Among the various socio demographic factors, SES has got the highest association with QOL. High QOL is seen OAH inmates when compared to community dwelling elderly. However, the difference of mean QOL scores was not statistically significant.
Conclusion: There was no major difference in QOL between the2 groups. However, association ofvarious socio demographic factors and other factors with QOL were statistically significant.
Keywords: Elderly, Old age homes(OAH), Community, Quality of life (QOL)