Relationship of anthropometric variables with lipid profile in moderate and sedentary workers
Introduction: Sedentary lifestyle is associated with increased body mass index, increased waist circumference and type-2 diabetes, leading to metabolic syndrome. Various anthropometric variables are strong and consistent predictors for non communicable diseases. There is positive relationship between anthropometric measures and adiposity. Dyslipidemia is a marker for development of cardiovascular disease.
Objective: To assess relationship of anthropometric variables with lipid profile in moderate and sedentary workers in Jammu region.
Materials and Methods: The present one year cross-sectional study was carried out on healthy moderate workers (Group-I) and healthy sedentary workers (Group-II) in the age group of 20 to 60 years. Baseline data of anthropometric variables, including body mass index, waist-hip ratio, waist-height ratio, abdominal volume index was recorded as per WHO standards. Lipid profile values were assessed according to the National Cholesterol Education Programme of USA. Mean and standard deviation reported for quantitative variables were calculated and noted. Mean values were compared with the help of unpaired ‘t’ test and statistical result was obtained. For unilateral comparison, linear regression was used. A p-value of < 0.05 was considered as statistically significant. All p-values reported were two-tailed.
Results: The mean values of age and anthropometric variables in moderate workers (Group-I) were significantly less as compared to those of sedentary workers (Group-II). Serum HDL-C and serum VLDL-C of the moderate workers showed significant relationship with waist circumference. Mean total cholesterol and serum LDL-C showed significant relationship with waist circumference in sedentary workers. Serum total cholesterol showed significant relationship with WHR in moderate workers.
Conclusion: Anthropometric variables, total cholesterol and low density lipoprotein cholesterol had significant effect in sedentary workers. High density lipoprotein cholesterol has significant effect in moderate workers showing that HDL-C increases with level of activity.
Keywords: Anthropometric variables, Lipid profile, Moderate workers, Sedentary workers.