Knowledge and attitude among physiotherapy interns towards physiotherapy and total knee replacement in case of osteoarthritis of knee
Aims: To find the knowledge and attitude among physiotherapy interns towards physiotherapy and total knee replacement in case of osteoarthritis of knee.
Material and Methods: A cross-sectional observational study was carried out using a structured questionnaire. The structured questionnaire was designed to assess the knowledge and attitude among physiotherapy interns towards physiotherapy and total knee replacement in case of osteoarthritis of knee across the colleges in Gujarat. The data was analyzed by using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) statistical software, version 16.
Results: Total 250 Interns students were participated in the study. Majority of Physiotherapy students believed 75-100% successful in improving functional mobility. Physiotherapy is effective in mild and moderate stage of osteoarthritis knee. Physiotherapy was considered as an alternative to total knee replacement by 85% of Interns, and they think that it can delay or avoid total knee replacement in patient with minimal symptoms, and if patient with minimal symptoms are advised for total knee replacement then they take an effort as to discuss with the orthopedic surgeons to take physiotherapy as first treatment option.
Conclusion: Interns knowledge and attitude on Physiotherapy for osteoarthritis knee concludes that physiotherapy is effective in mild to moderate stage of osteoarthritis knee for improving functional mobility. Their opinion for advising criteria of total knee replacement to the individual having NPRS 8-10, Flexion range of motion restriction of 45-90 degrees, Extension range of motion restriction 0-45 degrees, Fixed flexion deformity, Medial Instability and ADL’s affection i.e. Getting out from chair, sit to stand, crossed leg sitting, squatting etc.
Keywords: Osteoarthritis of knee, total knee replacement, Interns physiotherapy students. Physiotherapy.